The Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) 1994 and its Regulations
Factories and Machinery Act 1967
Food Act 1983
Atomic Energy Licensing Act 1984
Under OSHA 1994, the responsibility for the provision of OHS lies with the
employer. The employer has to make the necessary arrangements within its
organization to ensure that there are budgetary (both financial and human
resources) provisions for the implementation of the appropriate type of OHS
Occupational Health Scope
Pre-employment screening: to ensure as far as possible that the person is fit both mentally and physically to do the duties required of them in the job they have been successfully interviewed for.
Immunity assessment and vaccination: according to the identified risk of cross infection in the job, we will assess your current immunity and then vaccinate as appropriate with your informed consent.
Health Surveillance: this is performed according to identified measurable risks in the job, e.g. chemical fumes, noise, etc, and we check that you are fit to work with these elements and follow-up to check that they are not making you ill according to current legislation recommendations, e.g. eyesight tests, lung function, hearing tests etc.
Management of Infectious diseases: we will advise whether you can work or if you need time off, and if so, when you can return to work in order to minimise the risk of cross-infection in the workplace.
Health and Safety advice: we can advise on a range of aspects in the workplace, e.g. risk assessments, workplace assessments etc.
Work Station Assessments: we can advise on how your workstation should be arranged and how to deal with any problems, e.g. reduction of glare, correct chair.
Return to Work Rehabilitation Programmes: we can support you to get back to work after a long-term absence for whatever reason by formulating a support return to work programme to enable you to return according to your capabilities and will continue to support you until you are fully returned to work.
Sick Absence Management: we offer advice, support and education for anyone who requires assistance in this area of management.
Medical Removal: Any cases of definite or suspected occupational poisoning or disease and
excessive absorption must be removed from their work area. Assessment of their signs and symptoms, abnormal
cytology and biochemical results have to be done and he/she is certified fit
for work by the Occupational Health Doctor
Participating in emergency response and disaster management: This covers arrangements for handling any form of emergency that may occur in
the workplace. Appropriate training in first
aid has to be organized for employees to ensure that they are competent to
provide appropriate care in an emergency.
Record Keeping: All occupational medical examinations are treated confidentially and the records are maintained for the required periods.
What do Occupational Health Doctors do?
Assessment of the employees' health, based
on the clinical and occupational history and clinical signs, understanding
of the particular occupation involved, performance of further clinical
examination, including further tests, as appropriate.
Making a competent assessment of the interaction between workers and their jobs taking in to account Health and Safety issues.
Organising investigations important to the assessment of occupational risks or fitness for work.
Providing occupational interventions as appropriate.
Taking suitable and prompt action when necessary.
Providing patients with the information they need to protect themselves against occupational risks.
Giving information on other sources of help.
Visiting the workplace where appropriate.
Advising on measures required to ensure a safe working environment,
taking into account of statutory obligations.
Advising on health surveillance where appropriate.
Assessing competently patient's fitness for work and rehabilitation or redeployment possibilities.
Giving advice on ill-health retirement where appropriate.
Discouraging discrimination in the work
place against employees with health problems.
Occupational Health Doctor (OHD)
Occupational Health Nurse (OHN)
Occupational Hygienist (OHyg)
Safety and Health Officer
One of the Occupational Health Doctor's Role: Medical Surveillance